Welcome!

PHP Authors: Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, Hovhannes Avoyan, Lori MacVittie, Trevor Parsons

Related Topics: PHP, Java IoT

PHP: Article

Rolling Your Own MVC Framework - Starting-Point for Any PHP Application

Developing a simple MVC framework that you can use as a starting point for almost any PHP app

Michael Girouard's Blog

Over the next couple of articles, I'll be walking you through the process of developing a simple MVC framework that you can use as a starting point for almost any PHP application that needs to be developed.

Furthermore this framework won't be like any other framework you've seen: it's going to be small enough to not obstruct the real development, elegant enough to make it a pleasure to work on in the future, and scalable enough to be useful in the development of applications of any size.

How? By keeping things simple and resisting the urge to add tons of stupid features. Remember, it’s just a framework. Save the real coding for the application.

The Ground Rules

Before we dive into the deep end, let’s get a few things straight. Everyone has their own way of interpreting the concepts I will be presenting so before anyone draws any premature conclusions, I’m going to lay it all out in the open.

In no particular order:

  • MVC is a design pattern — not a framework. Most of this framework’s code base will be written toward MVC components, however that still does not make it a stand-alone framework.
  • Frameworks should have a small set of responsibilities. The framework demonstrated will only be responsible for the page load scenario.
  • This is all part of a side-project I am in the process of bringing back to life. If you want something that offers a bit more, be sure to follow up on the project every now and again.
  • It is my most sincere hopes that by documenting my experiences here, you too will be inspired to develop your own framework. If you want, please feel free to use my code as a starting point — but be aware that I am releasing it under the New BSD License. This means that it’s damn near public domain, but you have to send some credit my way if you want to use the code.
  • Only PHP 5 will be used. There’s absolutely no point in wasting time to support people who refuse to stay current.
  • The API will be delivered using a set of abstract classes and interfaces. When it comes time to write an application, simply extend the class you need.
  • This will be an evolving project. Although I’m quite settled on how this is going to work, I predict that the feature set will change.

The Feature Set

Even though the goal of this framework is to be lightweight, it still will need to have a reasonable set of features to make it worth using. The following list are things that I think are requirements in any modern PHP framework:

  • Controllers that prefer REST-based requests, but can be force-fed an action in case the client doesn’t fully support the HTTP spec (web browsers for example) or if that’s just how you prefer to structure your URIs.
  • The ability to emit any data type: HTML, XML, JSON, Serialize PHP, or anything else you wish to define.
  • The option for anything to be overridden with new functionality.
  • Models that represent any kind of data — not just database records — as well as provide a uniform API no matter what the data type is.
  • A template system that supports master templates and partial templates. No custom template language. No separate header/footer includes.
  • Automatic dependency location by user-defined parameters.

So why reinvent the wheel?

Because you can. Because you will learn a great deal. Because all other frameworks are great for getting an application off the ground, but come with a lot of extra baggage that you simply don’t need.

The reality is simple: frameworks aren’t that big of a deal. Just because is big, bulky, and bad ass doesn’t mean that you can’t make something just as good… even better since it will be your framework.

[The second part of this series can be found here.]

More Stories By Michael Girouard

Mike Girouard is a front-end web developer living in New York City. As the Sr. Developer at the creative agency Magnani Caruso Dutton, he takes pride in his ability to introduce web standards and beautiful code to industry giants such as Discover and AT&T. In his offtime, Girouard goes right back to his editor and codes toward his latest open-source baby, Panda PHP Components. You can read more about him and his other projects on his blog, http://www.lovemikeg.com/blog.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


IoT & Smart Cities Stories
The deluge of IoT sensor data collected from connected devices and the powerful AI required to make that data actionable are giving rise to a hybrid ecosystem in which cloud, on-prem and edge processes become interweaved. Attendees will learn how emerging composable infrastructure solutions deliver the adaptive architecture needed to manage this new data reality. Machine learning algorithms can better anticipate data storms and automate resources to support surges, including fully scalable GPU-c...
Machine learning has taken residence at our cities' cores and now we can finally have "smart cities." Cities are a collection of buildings made to provide the structure and safety necessary for people to function, create and survive. Buildings are a pool of ever-changing performance data from large automated systems such as heating and cooling to the people that live and work within them. Through machine learning, buildings can optimize performance, reduce costs, and improve occupant comfort by ...
The explosion of new web/cloud/IoT-based applications and the data they generate are transforming our world right before our eyes. In this rush to adopt these new technologies, organizations are often ignoring fundamental questions concerning who owns the data and failing to ask for permission to conduct invasive surveillance of their customers. Organizations that are not transparent about how their systems gather data telemetry without offering shared data ownership risk product rejection, regu...
René Bostic is the Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America. Enjoying her career with IBM during the modern millennial technological era, she is an expert in cloud computing, DevOps and emerging cloud technologies such as Blockchain. Her strengths and core competencies include a proven record of accomplishments in consensus building at all levels to assess, plan, and implement enterprise and cloud computing solutions. René is a member of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) and a m...
Poor data quality and analytics drive down business value. In fact, Gartner estimated that the average financial impact of poor data quality on organizations is $9.7 million per year. But bad data is much more than a cost center. By eroding trust in information, analytics and the business decisions based on these, it is a serious impediment to digital transformation.
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
Predicting the future has never been more challenging - not because of the lack of data but because of the flood of ungoverned and risk laden information. Microsoft states that 2.5 exabytes of data are created every day. Expectations and reliance on data are being pushed to the limits, as demands around hybrid options continue to grow.
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Enterprises have taken advantage of IoT to achieve important revenue and cost advantages. What is less apparent is how incumbent enterprises operating at scale have, following success with IoT, built analytic, operations management and software development capabilities - ranging from autonomous vehicles to manageable robotics installations. They have embraced these capabilities as if they were Silicon Valley startups.
As IoT continues to increase momentum, so does the associated risk. Secure Device Lifecycle Management (DLM) is ranked as one of the most important technology areas of IoT. Driving this trend is the realization that secure support for IoT devices provides companies the ability to deliver high-quality, reliable, secure offerings faster, create new revenue streams, and reduce support costs, all while building a competitive advantage in their markets. In this session, we will use customer use cases...