Welcome!

PHP Authors: Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, Hovhannes Avoyan, Lori MacVittie, Trevor Parsons

Related Topics: Ruby-On-Rails, Java IoT, Industrial IoT, Microservices Expo, Open Source Cloud, Machine Learning , PHP

Ruby-On-Rails: Article

Monitoring Background Jobs in Ruby’s Resque

How to get visibility into an important component of any complex system: the messaging queue

Here at AppNeta, we get to see a lot about how people build their web applications. From simple PHP scripts to heavily service-oriented Java clouds to monolithic Django apps, everybody’s product is architected a little differently. We’re still out to trace everything, and today I want to talk how to get visibility into an important component of any complex system: the messaging queue. Specifically, let’s look at how to trace a job from Rails using Resque.

Messaging Queues
If you haven’t used a messaging queue in your app, the idea is simple. Instead of forcing all the work to happen during the request, while the user is waiting, you can delay some of the more time-consuming tasks. You can do anything in these tasks, ranging from a simple insert to kicking off a series of user analytics that touch all parts of your infrastructure. The advantage is that you can return a speedy response to the user, or, if they are actually waiting on the task results, give them a better loading interface than a white screen and browser loading bar.

A Quick Resque Tutorial
In Ruby, Resque is a task runner, which by default stores the task descriptions in Redis (though other options are available). Resque jobs are just Ruby classes, with a single mandatory method perform. Resque will call perform with the arguments given in the task description. Let’s look at a minimal task, that takes a single argument and prints it. (Useless, I know.)

LogInfo

The @queue variable defines a name that a worker can bind to, in case you want to spread different types of jobs across different machines. To create a task that this worker could run, we just call it from our request:

HoorayTrace

And that’s our job! Maybe not the most interesting job, and probably not prone to performance issues, but we don’t know that yet. So let’s measure it!

Tracing a Resque Task
Now that we’ve added this to our system, we should have monitoring around it. The easiest way to do this would be to just measure the time each task takes, and log that information:

MeasureLog

Unfortunately, the data presentation here leaves a bit to be desired, so I’m going to use TraceView to log this information instead. This also has the benefit of logging any SQL queries, cache accesses, or service calls that we might do in a more complex task, as well as reporting errors. To start a trace fresh, we can wrap this call in the start_trace block:

That’s a start! We’ve now got some visibility into our Resque jobs, and we can rest easy knowing that this is running smoothly in production.

Tracing a Resque Job (with multiple tasks!)
For cron-style jobs, the approach of tracing each task individually works fine. For reference, let’s look at the events we’re generating with that code:

Tracing Resque

Pretty straightforward. Now let’s consider a more complicated set of tasks: a document-processing pipeline. That code might look like this:

ProcessPipeline

In this case, our first task takes a document, and the second one archives it. If we have multiple tasks, each one gets logged separately, and we can figure out same statistics for each — average, std. dev., percentiles, and the like. But what if you have a job that spans multiple tasks? We can further aggregate the stats, but we might be starting to miss things, like large inputs that cause the entire pipeline to slow down.

What we’d really like is to correlate the related tasks, so instead of timing the each task, we’re timing the entire job. Under the hood, TraceView generates a token for each request. If we pass this ID (generally stored in xtrace, after the X-Trace header it’s passed around in) to each task, we can correlate those timings before storing them, and retrieve them all together. To do this, we can modify each task to take this token, and trace using that ID. ProcessDoc then becomes:

ProcessDoc

Now we need to start the trace somewhere, but we’re not doing it in the job. We could start it in the first task, or we could link this one step further up the chain and tie it back to the web request that started it in the first place. In a default rails stack, that request generates the following events:

Tracing Resque

To add in the task queue call to the logged request, we can call the following function:

TaskQueue-LoggedRequest

We have to force a fork in the execution path to indicate that we’re running an asynchronous task, possibly in parallel, with the rest of the web request, which is done with the call to fromString. Aside from that, this is the same underlying call as is done by start_trace above — log that we’re entering a named block of code, and start timing it.

When we put it all together, we get a secondary execution path attached to the web request, and the logged events look like this:

Tracing Resque

Now we’ve got everything: the original request, all tasks, individual timing information, and a global view of how the process performed. Not that we now have an additional timing measurement here: the delay before starting the task at all. In this case, we waited a full 500ms between queuing the job actually executing it! Once we were in the pipeline, the tasks happened much faster (only 25ms between processing and archiving).

Caveats
Lest you think that everything was easy, there’s a couple things to keep in mind when you use this in your own application.

  • Because we’re starting the timing in the web request and ending it in a task queue, we’re relying on those two processes to have an identical clock. If they’re on the same machine, it won’t be a problem, but on different machines, any clock skew will effect the timing.
  • I’ve quietly assumed everything in this system is reliable, which is almost certainly wrong. Whatever your error handling is, make sure you always log the exit event for ‘job’, or you may never know that you have errors!

As long as I haven’t totally dissuaded you from trying this out, all the code is available in one place in this gist, and you can try in out in your application today with our free version of TraceView!

Related Articles

Ruby 2.0 Released: Let The Tracing Begin!

AppNeta Rubygems Verified

Relieve Event Binding Aches in Backbone.js

More Stories By TR Jordan

A veteran of MIT’s Lincoln Labs, TR is a reformed physicist and full-stack hacker – for some limited definition of full stack. After a few years as Software Development Lead with Thermopylae Science and Techology, he left to join Tracelytics as its first engineer. Following Tracelytics merger with AppNeta, TR was tapped to run all of its developer and market evangelism efforts. TR still harbors a not-so-secret love for Matlab-esque graphs and half-baked statistics, as well as elegant and highly-performant code. Read more of his articles at www.appneta.com/blog or visit www.appneta.com.

@ThingsExpo Stories
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Major trends and emerging technologies – from virtual reality and IoT, to Big Data and algorithms – are helping organizations innovate in the digital era. However, to create real business value, IT must think beyond the ‘what’ of digital transformation to the ‘how’ to harness emerging trends, innovation and disruption. Architecture is the key that underpins and ties all these efforts together. In the digital age, it’s important to invest in architecture, extend the enterprise footprint to the cl...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, discussed the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
Two weeks ago (November 3-5), I attended the Cloud Expo Silicon Valley as a speaker, where I presented on the security and privacy due diligence requirements for cloud solutions. Cloud security is a topical issue for every CIO, CISO, and technology buyer. Decision-makers are always looking for insights on how to mitigate the security risks of implementing and using cloud solutions. Based on the presentation topics covered at the conference, as well as the general discussions heard between sessio...
IoT is rapidly becoming mainstream as more and more investments are made into the platforms and technology. As this movement continues to expand and gain momentum it creates a massive wall of noise that can be difficult to sift through. Unfortunately, this inevitably makes IoT less approachable for people to get started with and can hamper efforts to integrate this key technology into your own portfolio. There are so many connected products already in place today with many hundreds more on the h...
No hype cycles or predictions of zillions of things here. IoT is big. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, Associate Partner at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data analytics considerations, edge-to-cloud tec...
Announcing Poland #DigitalTransformation Pavilion
Digital Transformation is much more than a buzzword. The radical shift to digital mechanisms for almost every process is evident across all industries and verticals. This is often especially true in financial services, where the legacy environment is many times unable to keep up with the rapidly shifting demands of the consumer. The constant pressure to provide complete, omnichannel delivery of customer-facing solutions to meet both regulatory and customer demands is putting enormous pressure on...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that All in Mobile, a mobile app development company from Poland, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. All In Mobile is a mobile app development company from Poland. Since 2014, they maintain passion for developing mobile applications for enterprises and startups worldwide.
CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
The best way to leverage your CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at CloudEXPO. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audienc...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place November 12-13 in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd international CloudEXPO | first international DXWorldEXPO and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
Everything run by electricity will eventually be connected to the Internet. Get ahead of the Internet of Things revolution. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Akvelon expert and IoT industry leader Sergey Grebnov provided an educational dive into the world of managing your home, workplace and all the devices they contain with the power of machine-based AI and intelligent Bot services for a completely streamlined experience.
DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker c...
JETRO showcased Japan Digital Transformation Pavilion at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo® at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is a non-profit organization that provides business support services to companies expanding to Japan. With the support of JETRO's dedicated staff, clients can incorporate their business; receive visa, immigration, and HR support; find dedicated office space; identify local government subsidies; get...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
In past @ThingsExpo presentations, Joseph di Paolantonio has explored how various Internet of Things (IoT) and data management and analytics (DMA) solution spaces will come together as sensor analytics ecosystems. This year, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Joseph di Paolantonio from DataArchon, added the numerous Transportation areas, from autonomous vehicles to “Uber for containers.” While IoT data in any one area of Transportation will have a huge impact in that area, combining sensor analytic...