Welcome!

PHP Authors: Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, Hovhannes Avoyan, Lori MacVittie, Trevor Parsons

Related Topics: PHP, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, @CloudExpo

PHP: Article

Who Invented Virtualization?

A Sure Bar Bet Winner

VAA on Ulitzer

We've all been there.  Minding our own business in a local establishment, when a discussion's heat rises to the level of a sporting bet.  Sides are chosen, money plunked down, combatants await the reveal.  Other than adult beverages, the thing these bets seem to have in common is that the winning fact generally runs against commonly held assumptions.

Here's a winner for you:

Q:  What company "invented" virtualization technology?

A:  The long defunct Burroughs Corporation first brought mainframe virtualization to market in the 1960s.  But it was not until the then laggard IBM brought it to their 360 line in the 1970s that the concept was legitimized.

I'm willing to make this little bet with you:  Most people of a certain age are more than willing to bet folding green that IBM ‘invented' virtualization.  Gen-any-letters will bet VMware with confidence.  You will win either way.

Today's burgeoning virtualization market is a different story.  And in that story, VMware is the dad.

 


Greg O'Connor at the AppZero booth during 4th International Cloud Computing Conference & Expo at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. The largest Cloud Expo to date attracted more than 2,200 delegates from over 47 countries.

Phase 1 - Core virtualization infrastructure

Founded in 1998, VMware ruled the virtualization roost free of competition, growing to $1 billion revenue in record-breaking time.  So the hypervisor entered mainstream IT.  Competition from open source Xen and Microsoft's Hyper-V fuels innovation and evolution in the virtualization category.  Regardless of vendor flavor, today's hypervisor comes in two forms:

  • Native - hypervisor software runs directly on a host's hardware acting as a hardware controller and a monitor of guest operating systems. The hypervisor is a layer of abstraction that separates the hardware and the guest operating systems.
  • Hosted - hypervisor software runs within a conventional OS as a distinct software layer. Guest OS run at the third level above the hardware.

The over-provisioning of servers that otherwise commonly run at less than 10% utilization in datacenters means that Hypervisors are cost-slashing, server consolidating no brainers.  But they are not a panacea.

Enter server sprawl.  Questions of security and compliance, mobility and maintenance.... Real life.

Phase 2 - Management virtualization infrastructure

So a whole marketplace springs up to surround the virtualization world with tools and capabilities to exploit the potential, fill in the blanks, shore up the weaknesses, and counteract the unintended side-effects of the proliferating technology.  It's an exciting phase bursting with startups and speculation, market confusion, and acquisitions.

Companies start-up to monitor, automate, optimize, and otherwise manage this complex frontier, eager to make their marks before VMware wakes to their niche.  In the meantime, the usual suspects BMC, CA, HP and IBM's Tivoli mix invention with acquisition to round out their traditional strengths mapping to datacenter and cloud realities.  Back in the general market, every vendor is slapping the word "Cloud" onto their offerings whether hot off the press or dating from the Paleolithic Age.

Phase 3 - Paradigm virtualization enablement

When a new technology opens new frontiers, innovators are quick to see, exploit, and exhaust the potential.  Virtualization has entered this phase as Hypervisor technology and its phase 2 outgrowths have reached their natural limits.  Case in point: server-side application virtualization.

It was both clever and natural for innovators to leap upon accepted hypervisor technology to virtualize applications.  Hence we have the virtual machine (VM) derivative, the virtual appliance (VA), which packages an application with all of its dependencies and only the itiest, bitiest, piece of OS absolutely necessary to get the job done.  Pragmatists charged with virtualizing server applications using a tool designed to virtualize server hardware, enabled the workaround with the concept of "Just-enough OS" - JeOS.

Marketing kudos not withstanding, any OS is too much OS when it comes to virtualizing server-side applications for complete mobility to and from and around the clouds and datacenters that make up a dynamic IT environment.  I can't say it any better than Chris Hoff did in his September 25th Rational Survivability blog entitled "Incomplete Thought: Virtual Machines are the Problem, Not the Solution".  Speaking of VMs, he says:

"There's still a pile of crap inside ‘em.

What do I mean?

There's a bloated, parasitic resource-gobbling cancer inside every VM.  For the most part, it's the real reason we even have mass market virtualization today.

It's called the operating system."

Asking, "But wait, isn't server virtualization the answer to that?", Chris goes on to answer:

"The approach we've taken today is that VMM/Hypervisor abstracts the hardware from the OS.  The applications are still stuck on top of operating systems that don't provide much in the way of any benefit given the emergence of development frameworks/languages such as J2EE, PHP, Ruby, .NET, etc. that were built around the notions of decoupled, distributed, and mashable application ‘fabrics'.

Every ship travels with an anchor, in the case of the VM it's the OS. [emphasis mine]"

Beautiful.  AppZero is not an extension of the hypervisor technology.  It is a new paradigm inspired and legitimized by that market's growth, enabled by distinctive and different technology.

With it, you can create one gold image of an application - or a piece of an application, like SQLServer or Oracle DB -- and then provision it to many server instances in a data center .... Or numerous data centers; to many server instances in private or public clouds, disaster recovery sites ...

One gold image - so many destinations.  How is that possible?

Because in the AppZero paradigm, there is no - zero - zilch - no trace whatsoever of any OS component.

Anchors away.

More Stories By Greg O'Connor

Greg O'Connor is President & CEO of AppZero. Pioneering the Virtual Application Appliance approach to simplifying application-lifecycle management, he is responsible for translating Appzero's vision into strategic business objectives and financial results.

O'Connor has over 25 years of management and technical experience in the computer industry. He was founder and president of Sonic Software, acquired in 2005 by Progress Software (PRGS). There he grew the company from concept to over $40 million in revenue.

At Sonic, he evangelized and created the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) product category, which is generally accepted today as the foundation for Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Follow him on Twitter @gregoryjoconnor.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Synametrics Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Synametrics Technologies is a privately held company based in Plainsboro, New Jersey that has been providing solutions for the developer community since 1997. Based on the success of its initial product offerings such as WinSQL, Xeams, SynaMan and Syncrify, Synametrics continues to create and hone inn...
Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo have announced the conference tracks for Cloud Expo 2018. Cloud Expo will be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, and November 6-8, 2018, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DX Expo within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive ov...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
To get the most out of their data, successful companies are not focusing on queries and data lakes, they are actively integrating analytics into their operations with a data-first application development approach. Real-time adjustments to improve revenues, reduce costs, or mitigate risk rely on applications that minimize latency on a variety of data sources. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Jack Norris, Senior Vice President, Data and Applications at MapR Technologies, reviewed best practices to ...
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, examined the regulations and provided insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence arou...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
"Digital transformation - what we knew about it in the past has been redefined. Automation is going to play such a huge role in that because the culture, the technology, and the business operations are being shifted now," stated Brian Boeggeman, VP of Alliances & Partnerships at Ayehu, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Evatronix provides design services to companies that need to integrate the IoT technology in their products but they don't necessarily have the expertise, knowledge and design team to do so," explained Adam Morawiec, VP of Business Development at Evatronix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The 22nd International Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, to be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, brings together Cloud Computing, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding busin...
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
Recently, REAN Cloud built a digital concierge for a North Carolina hospital that had observed that most patient call button questions were repetitive. In addition, the paper-based process used to measure patient health metrics was laborious, not in real-time and sometimes error-prone. In their session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sean Finnerty, Executive Director, Practice Lead, Health Care & Life Science at REAN Cloud, and Dr. S.P.T. Krishnan, Principal Architect at REAN Cloud, discussed how they built...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Evatronix will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Evatronix SA offers comprehensive solutions in the design and implementation of electronic systems, in CAD / CAM deployment, and also is a designer and manufacturer of advanced 3D scanners for professional applications.
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Among the proven benefits,...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait...
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile exhibited at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on qua...